Nomes- governmental divisions or provinces in ancient egypt. Also known as sepat in ancient times, and governates today.
cartouche-In Egptian hieroglyphs, a cartouche is an oblong enclosure with a horizontal line at one end, indicating that the text enclosed is a royal name.
khat-a head cloth worn by the nobility of ancient Egypt; it did not have pleats or stripes, and hung down open in the back rather than being tied together.
cateract - rapids along the Nile river
Maat - an important ethical concept followed by ancient Egyptians that combines order, truth, justice, and righteousness.

menat - an intricately beaded necklace, usually made with semi-precious stones sacred to Hathor (namely turquoise, malachite and lapis lazuli) that was clasped together with a bronze disc with a handle so it could alternately be used as a type of rattle and a necklace. The menet was looked upon as perhaps the most potent of the ritual implements of Hathor as when it was worn it represented one who had gained her powers or had become like Hathor.